Glossary

  • Pronunciation keys of Japanese terms are given in parentheses
  • How to read Japanese in English alphabet (rōmaji): English vowels a=ah, i=ee, u=oo, e=eh and o=oh
  • A macron or a line over a vowel indicates that it is pronounced for twice the length of the vowel without a macron or a line. Sometimes an “h” is added instead, as in Mr. Ohshima’s name. The first “o” in Mr. Ono’s name, on the other hand, is not lengthened. Ohno and Ono are two different names. However, these sounds are just approximations and there are some exceptions
  • Please note that the pronunciation keys given here are only approximations and are primarily designed for the members in the U.S. and Canada. They may not necessarily be helpful for the members of international affiliates
  • Hiroko Mori has recorded each term twice — first slowly, then natural speed. Click each Japanese term to hear the recording

Number

  • One
  • Two
  • Three
  • Four
  • Five
  • Six
  • Seven
  • Eight
  • Nine
  • Ten
  • ichi (ee-chee)
  • ni (nee)
  • san (sahn)
  • shi (shee)
  • go (goh)
  • roku (roh-koo)
  • shichi (shee-chee)
  • hachi (hah-chee)
  • ku (koo) / kyū (kyoo)
  • (joo)
Go Up

General

  • Head instructor/Master instructor (of an organization) *(see Notes at the end)
  • Instructor *(see Notes at the end)
  • Training hall
  • Training uniform
  • Training uniform belt
  • Vocal expulsion of air
  • Black Belt rank
  • White/Brown belt rank
  • Meditation
  • Bow
  • Assume stance
  • Get ready
  • Begin
  • Pivot/assume opposite direction
  • Stop
  • At ease
  • Basic training
  • Formal exercise/forms
  • Sparring
  • Escape techniques
  • Throwing techniques
  • Foot sweep
  • Maximum effectiveness/ focus of techniques
  • Pulling hand
  • Breathing center in lower abdomen
  • Getting into the opponent
  • Elbow Attacks
  • Jumping-in attack
  • Continuous Techniques
  • Punching board
  • Staff
  • shihan (shee-hahn)

  • sensei (sehn-seh-ee)
  • dōjō (doh-joh)
  • keiko gi (keh-ee-koh gee)/gi (gee)
  • obi (oh-bee)
  • kiai (kee-ah-ee)
  • dan (dahn)
  • kyū (kyoo)
  • mokusō (moh-koo-soh)
  • rei (reh-ee)/lei (leh-ee)
  • kamaete (kah-mah-eh-teh)
  • yōi (yoh-ee)
  • hajime (hah-jee-meh)
  • kaette (kah-eht-teh)
  • yame (yah-meh)
  • yasume (yah-soo-meh)
  • kihon (kee-hohn)
  • kata (kah-tah)
  • kumite (koo-mee-teh)
  • torite (toh-ree-teh)
  • nagewaza (nah-geh-wah-zah)
  • ashibarai (ah-shee-bah-rah-ee)
  • kime (kee-meh)

  • hikite (hee-kee-teh)
  • tanden (tahn-dehn)
  • irimi (ee-ree-mee)
  • enpi (ehn-pee)/ empi(ehm-pee)
  • tobikomi (toh-bee-koh-mee)
  • renzoku waza (rehn-zoh-koo wah-zah)
  • makiwara (mah-kee-wah-rah)
  • (boh)
Go Up

Standing Forms

  • Front stance
  • Back stance
  • Horse riding stance
  • Immovable stance
  • Cat stance
  • Natural stance
  • Close-leg stance
  • Half-facing stance
  • Open-leg stance
  • zenkutsu-dachi (zehn-koo-tsoo-dah-chee)
  • kōkutsu-dachi (koh-koo-tsoo-dah-chee)
  • kiba-dachi (kee-bah-dah-chee)
  • fudō-dachi (foo-doh-dah-chee)
  • nekoashi-dachi (neh-koh-ah-shee-dah-chee)
  • shizentai (shee-zehn-tah-ee)
  • heisoku-dachi (heh-ee-soh-koo-dah-chee)
  • hanmi-dachi (hahn-mee-dah-chee)
  • hachiji-dachi (hah-chee-jee-dah-chee)
Go Up

Block

  • Downward block
  • Rising block
  • Forearm block
  • Hammer block
  • Knife-hand block
  • Cross-arm block
  • Two-hand block
  • Palm-heel block
  • gedan-barai (geh-dahn-bah-rah-ee)
  • age-uke (ah-geh-oo-keh)
  • ude-uke (oo-deh-oo-keh)
  • tetsui-uke (teh-tsoo-ee-oo-keh)/ tettsui-uke (teht-tsoo-ee-oo-keh)
  • shutō-uke (shoo-toh-oo-keh)
  • jūji-uke (joo-jee-oo-keh)
  • morote-uke (moh-roh-the-oo-keh)
  • teishō-uke (teh-ee-shoh-oo-keh)
Go Up

Hand Techniques

  • Lunge punch
  • Reverse punch
  • Jab
  • Continuous punches alternating hands
  • Continuous punching attacks
  • Punching with horse riding stance
  • Double punch
  • Hook punch
  • Palm-heel
  • Rising punch
  • oi-zuki (oh-ee-zoo-kee)
  • gyaku-zuki (gyah-koo-zoo-kee)
  • maete (mah-eh-teh)
  • bari-bari (bah-ree-bah-ree)
  • renzoku-zuki (rehn-zoh-koo-zoo-kee)/ ren-zuki(rehn-zoo-kee)
  • kibadachi-zuki (kee-bah-dah-chee-zoo-kee)
  • morote-zuki (moh-roh-teh-zoo-kee)
  • kagi-zuki (kah-gee-zoo-kee)
  • teishō (teh-ee-shoh)
  • age-zuki (ah-geh-zoo-kee)
Go Up

Striking Techniques

  • Back-fist strike
  • Bottom-fist strike
  • Knife-hand strike
  • Spear-hand
  • Two-finger spear-hand
  • Fore-fist
  • Fore-knuckle fist
  • One-knuckle fist
  • Middle finger/knuckle fist
  • Ridge-hand
  • ouraken-uchi (oo-rah-kehn-oo-chee)
  • tetsui-uchi (teh-tsoo-ee-oo-chee)/ tettsui-uchi (teht-tsoo-ee-oo-chee)
  • shutō-uchi (shoo-toh-oo-chee)
  • nukite (noo-kee-teh)
  • nihon-nukite (nee-hohn-noo-kee-teh)
  • seiken (seh-ee-kehn)
  • hiraken (hee-rah-kehn)
  • ippon-ken (eep-pohn-kehn)
  • nakadaka-ken (nah-kah-dah-kah-kehn)
  • haitō (hah-ee-toh)
Go Up

Kicks

  • Front kick
  • Round kick
  • Side-thrust kick
  • Side-up kick
  • Crescent kick
  • Stamping kick
  • Rear kick
  • Double front kick
  • Flying front kick
  • Flying side-thrust kick
  • Front kick with front leg
  • Front-thrust kick
  • Continuous kicks
  • Foot edge
  • Heel
  • Kneecap
  • mae-geri (mah-eh-geh-ree)
  • mawashi-geri (mah-wah-shee-geh-ree)
  • yokogeri-kekomi (yoh-koh-geh-ree-keh-koh-mee)
  • yokogeri-keage (yoh-koh-geh-ree-keh-ah-geh)
  • mikazuki-geri (mee-kah-zoo-kee-geh-ree)
  • fumikomi (foo-mee-koh-mee)
  • ushiro-geri (hiro_geri (oo-shee-roh-geh-ree)
  • nidan-geri (nee-dahn-geh-ree)
  • tobi-geri (toh-bee-geh-ree)
  • tobi-yokogeri (toh-bee-yoh-koh-geh-ree)
  • maeashi-geri (mah-eh-ah-shee-geh-ree)
  • maeashi-kekomi (mah-eh-ah-shee-keh-koh-mee)
  • renzoku-geri (rehn-zoh-koo-geh-ree)
  • sokutō (soh-koo-toh)
  • kakato (kah-kah-toh)
  • hizagashira (hee-zah-gah-shee-rah)
Go Up

Sparring

  • Basic one-time sparring
  • Free one-time sparring
  • Three-time sparring
  • Five-time sparring
  • Free-style
  • Upper body
  • Middle body
  • Lower body
  • Distance, timing, and other things between opponents
  • Match
  • Bow
  • One point match
  • Begin
  • Stop
  • Clash
  • I award no point
  • Continue
  • One more time
  • End of match
  • Half-point
  • Point
  • Two half-points equal one point
  • Draw
  • Red
  • White
  • Red is the winner
  • Referee
  • kihon ippon gumite (kee-hohn eep-pohn goo-mee-teh)
  • jiyū-ippon gumite (jee-yoo-eep-pohn goo-mee-teh)
  • sanbon gumite (sahn-bohn goo-mee-teh)
  • gohon gumite (goh-hohn goo-mee-teh)
  • jiyū kumite (jee-yoo koo-mee-teh)
  • jōdan (joh-dahn)
  • chūdan (choo-dahn)
  • gedan (geh-dahn)
  • ma (mah)

  • shiai (shee-ah-ee)
  • rei (reh-ee) / lei (leh-ee)
  • shōbu ippon (shoh-boo eep-pohn)
  • hajime (hah-jee-meh)
  • yame (yah-meh)
  • aiuchi (ah-ee-oo-chee)
  • torimasen (toh-ree-mah-sehn)
  • tsuzukete (tsoo-zoo-keh-teh)
  • mō ichido (moh ee-chee-doh)
  • soko made (soh-koh mah-deh) / sore made(soh-reh mah-deh)
  • waza ari (wah-zah ah-ree)
  • ippon (eep-pohn)
  • waza ari awasete ippon (wah-zah ah-ree ah-wah-seh-teh eep-pohn)
  • hikiwake (hee-kee-wah-keh)
  • aka (ah-kah)
  • shiro (shee-roh)
  • aka no kachi (ah-kah noh kah-chee)
  • shinpan (sheen-pahn) / shimpan (sheem-pahn)
Go Up

Throwing Techniques

  • To topple a folding screen
  • Spinning top
  • Encircle the neck
  • Half wheel
  • ‘V’ turning swallow
  • To spear a ball
  • To push off a cliff
  • To encircle with the arm
  • To hammer upside down
  • Performer of the technique
  • Receiver of the technique
  • Falling techniques
  • Byōbudaoshi (byoh-boo-dah-oh-shee)
  • Komanage (koh-mah-nah-geh)
  • Kubiwa (koo-bee-wah)
  • Katawaguruma (kah-tah-wah-goo-roo-mah)
  • Tsubamegaeshi (tsoo-bah-meh-gah-eh-shee)
  • Yaridama (yah-ree-dah-mah)
  • Taniotoshi (tah-nee-oh-toh-shee)
  • Udewa (oo-deh-wah)
  • Sakatsuchi (sah-kah-tsoo-chee)
  • tori (toh-ree)
  • uke (oo-keh)
  • ukemi (oo-keh-mee)
Go Up